maximim salinity allowed in high pressure marine boiler

Boiler and Pressure Vessel Certification | ASME - ASME

The ASME BPVC Certification Program conforms to the rules governing the design, fabrication, assembly, and inspection of boiler and pressure vessel components during construction. In 1916, shortly after the first publication of the "Rules for the Construction of Stationary Boilers and for Allowable

EPA Emissions Rules for Boilers -

EPA Emissions Rules for Boilers The EPA has published two new rules for boilers in an effort to reduce emissions of air pollutants. The two rules are the Major Source Rule (also known as the Boiler MACT or BMACT) and the Area Source Rule. The information, forms, and tools necessary for compliance are included in this package. Contents Page

Boiler water Limit:- - Altret

Feed Water & Boiler water Characteristics as per IS:10392-1982 1.FEED WATER Parameters Upto 20 Kg/cm2 21 Kg/cm2 to 39 Kg/cm2 40 Kg/cm2 to 59 Kg/cm2 Unit Total Hardness <10 <1.0 <0.5 ppm as CaCO 3 pH Value 8.5-9.5 8.5-9.5 8.5-9.5 Dissolved Oxygen 0.1 0.02 0.01 As ppm Silica 5 0.5 As ppm SiO 2

Starting and Stopping Boiler - Marine Engineering

Starting Boiler and Pressure Rise. Check that the air valve is open if the boiler pressure is below 1.0 bar. Start the burner on manual control and on low load. Check that the water level does not rise too high during the pressure rising period. Drain via the blow down valves if the water level is too high.

Salinity of Water - Engineering ToolBox

Salinity of fresh, brackish and sea water. Sponsored Links. Salinity is the saltiness or measure of dissolved salt in water. 35 g dissolved salt / kg sea water = 35 ppt = 35 o/oo = 3.5% = 35000 ppm = 35000 mg/l. fresh water (typical city water in United States) : < 100 ppm. water supply typicaly restricted to : 500 ppm.

The National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors

High conductivity or contamination of the boiler feedwater can create other problems such as drum level instability and foaming. This can result in high or low-water alarms and an increase in the carryover of moisture droplets into the steam header since the moisture separator of the drum cannot handle the resultant carryover.

Products: Marine Boiler and Steam Turbine Generator for FPSO

6MPa Class Boiler with 515℃ Superheat Steam Temperature. In very rare cases, cracks have been found in the valve stellite during scheduled maintenance works while ships are docked. These cracks have occurred as a result of low cycle fatigue, caused by repeatedly operating and stopping the engine.


- Adjustable Safety Valve: Protects boiler against high mains water pressure. Can be adjusted between 43.5 psi to 174 psi. - Non-Return Valve: Prevents electrical heaters against dry fired. - Boiler is equipped with a digital thermostat and additional analog thermostat, If digital thermostat is broken down safety

Basics of Marine Engineering: BOILER WATER

Nov 29, 2012 · There is a limit on maximum amount of salinity which a boiler water can sustain. If this value exceeds than normal then there is a risk of formation of larger bubbles. Larger the bubbles produced greater the turbulence on water surface and this causes foaming. This foam may be carried with steam and can cause deposits.

High-Pressure Steam Cycle and Boiler Water Treatment

– Rotating machinery that efficiently converts heat energy to mechanical energy to turn a generator that makes electrical energy. – Pressure and temperature are reduced in the process, hence high pressure and low pressure sections. – Steam purity and proper boiler water chemical and mechanical control are important.

Salt in Marine Boilers - Naval Marine Archive

Salt in Marine Boilers. From: Henry Evers, LL.D., Steam and the Steam Engine, London, William Collins, Sons, and Company, 1873.The author was Professor of Mathematics and Applied Science at the Charles Science School, Plymouth.

Steam Boiler Questions and Answers

It is very dangerous to operate a boiler with salt in it, and you have to control the salt concentration by frequently blowing off from the bottom of the boiler and form the water surface to keep the salinity below 9.5% (boilermakers and classification societies may recommend other values).

3rd class stationary steam engineer license prep Flashcards

a water tube boiler has 250 tubes that are 20 ft long and 3" in diameter. if the boiler produces one BHP for every 10 sq ft of heating surface, the maximum BHP it will produce is_____ BHP


BASIC WATER TREATMENT OF STEAM BOILERS Steve Kenny and Dave Pope Chemco Water Technology Vancouver, WA This is a brief discussion on low-pressure steam boiler chemistry. It provides dry kiln boiler operators the tools to maintain an efficient and effective boiler chemistry program.

Unit 13 - Chapter 59 - Safety & Relief Valves Flashcards

Start studying Unit 13 - Chapter 59 - Safety & Relief Valves. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

purpose of boiler water test Archives - Marine Engineering

Oct 13, 2015 · Salinity cock or test cock; Man hole doors. Where are air vent cock located and its purpose ? The air vent cock is fitted at the top of the steam space of the boiler. Its purpose are-To release air from the boiler either filling the boiler water or raising the steam. To allow air to enter in the event of boiler cooling down or blowing down.


RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL INSPECTION (R.I.G.L. - 28-25) Revised July 2011 RI Department of Labor & Training Division of Occupational Safety

Water Handbook - Boiler Blowdown Control | SUEZ

Some small variable amount of total alkalinity will be present and measurable with the assumed congruent or coordinated phosphate-pH control or volatile treatment employed at these high pressure ranges. f Maximum values are often not achievable without exceeding suggested maximum alkalinity values, especially in boilers below 6.21 MPa (900 psig

Problems in Boilers - Marine StudyMarine Study

May 22, 2015 · Boiler operation should always be the responsibility of one qualified engineer who full appreciates, from the furnace explosion aspect, the vital necessity of adequate pre-ignition purging, and who is aware of the possibility; especially with membrane walled boilers, of a serious furnace explosion pulling tubes out of drums and disgorging the

Boiler Water/Feed water Flashcards | Quizlet

18, Because of very high furnace temperatures, modem naval boilers can tolerate no more than a few thousandths of an inch of scale on tube surfaces without suffering what Tube ruptures What determines the amount of oxygen that will dissolve in water besides surface pressure

What is the maximum temperature inside the boiler? Why? - Quora

The maximum furnace temperature is limited by the maximum allowable skin temperature of the metal being used for heat transfer. Basically the failure of the waterfall furnace tube is by melting or by stress induced by loads other than thermal.

History and Technology - German Power Plants in World War II

The high-pressure boilers and the desire for improved maneuverability led to the expansion of automatic control. This was already partially established in connection with some wet-steam systems, but now its use was greatly expanded to include the regulation of air, water and fuel for the boilers.

What is the maximum pressure of high pressure boiler - Answers

Dec 23, 2009 · The highest pressure boiler that I ever saw as a marine Chief Engineer was 2400 psi or 80 atmosph

Boilers -

Mountings are those typically found on any boiler with low level water alarms and low/low level shut off on both boilers. The accumulation of pressure test for the safety valves fitted to the secondary drum are calculated with the primary boiler firing at maximum rate generating maximum heating steam supply.

U.S.C.G. Merchant Marine Exam Assistant Engineer – Limited

When preparing to cut a boiler in on the line, you determine that the steam pressure of the incoming boiler is about 5 psig above line pressure. Which of the following steps should you take next? o (A) Open the superheater vent. • (B) Open the desuperheated steam stop. o (C) Light off additional burners. o (D) Test the hand relieving gear.

Denbigh's Boiler - Nautical Archaeology Program

Denbigh’s boiler operated at a designed pressure of 22 lbs. (about 1.5 atmospheres above ambient), which was near the maximum pressure for this type of boiler construction. Denbigh’s boiler has not been excavated, but the type is well documented in contemporary engineering texts and journals. The lower part of the boiler probably had three or four coal-fired furnaces opening on its aft face.

Total Dissolved Solids - TDS

The concentration of impurities is often termed TDS - Total Dissolved Solids (ppm) and can be measured using a conductivity or density method. Measuring TDS with the density method. TDS = 1.1 10 6 (ρ - 1) (1) where. TDS = Total Dissolved Solids (ppm) ρ = relative density of the boiler water at 15.5 o C

Feed Water - Chemistry Limits - Engineering ToolBox

Related Topics . Steam and Condensate - Steam & condensate systems- properties, capacities, pipe sizing, systems configuration and more; Related Documents . ASME - International Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code - The International Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code establishes rules of safety governing the design, fabrication, and inspection of boilers and pressure vessels, and nuclear power plant

Minimum/Maximu pressure in a vessel - Boiler and Pressure

Minimum/Maximu pressure in a vessel. Any vessel with a design (or Maximum Allowable Working Pressure, MAWP) of 15 psig or higher falls within the ASME scope. Note the use of "g" in psig. If your vessel is designed for anything less than 15 psig, it does NOT fall within ASME Section VIII sope but may then fall within the various API standards, API 2000, API 650, API 620, etc.


• Circulating pump and tank systems are only available up to 150 lb boiler design pressure. • Storage Tank Selection • Based on MBH of Economizer Recovery • General rule of thumb is to pick 20-30 GPM for the circulating pump flowrate. • Minimum water flow rate through the economizer should be the maximum evaporation rate of the boiler.

Boiler Drum Level Transmitter Calibration - Instrumentation Tools

Hmax = Maximum water level allowed (measured from the bottom tap) Hmin = Minimum water level allowed (measured from the bottom tap) To perform the calibration, use a table of thermodynamic properties of steam and the following steps: 1. Determine hmin and hmax. These are the minimum and maximum water levels allowed for safe operation of the boiler.

Maximim Salinity Allowed In High Pressure Marine Boiler

Read Dictionary of Nautical Words and Terms text version First large water tube boiler to be successful for marine purposes (1901). Bell Rope. Small rope on tongue of bell for ringing it. Bennis Stoker. Mechanical stoker for feeding furnaces of Scotch boilers. Benson Steam Generator. High pressure boiler in which water is carried in . Get A Quote

Salinity - Wikipedia

Marine waters are those of the ocean, another term for which is euhaline seas. The salinity of euhaline seas is 30 to 35. Brackish seas or waters have salinity in the range of 0.5 to 29 and metahaline seas from 36 to 40.

U.S.C.G. Merchant Marine Exam Third Assistant Engineer Q537

• (A) Relieve all fuel oil service pressure to that boiler. o (B) Drain and refill the boiler with cold water. o (C) Open the air registers wide to cool the furnace. o (D) Secure the main feed pump. If choice A is selected set score to 1. 26. Before using a boiler compressed air sootblower system, you should _____.


Increase cut off pressure of boiler. Bypass high pressure cut off of the boiler. Arrange the boiler fire rate to a maximum. Safety valve will be lift during the test. The test is carried out as long as the water permits in the boiler. Accumulation pressure should not exceed 10% of working pressure in the specified time.


boiler water, calcium will preferentially precipitate as the phosphate before pre-cipitating as the carbonate, and calcium phosphate becomes the most prominent feature of the deposit. At the high temperatures found in a boiler, deposits are a serious problem, causing poor heat transfer and a potential for boiler tube failure. In low-pressure

Boiler has too much pressure — Heating Help: The Wall

down to the pressure needed for your system prolly 12-18psi. once u do that shut off the valve that feeds the boiler for a day or 2. if the pressure doesn't rise we found the problem. so u say the pressure from the road is high how high? you might need a pressure reducing valve for the house to bring it down to a manageable pressure. u might

Marine Engineering Practice Questions and Answers-Part 1

May 04, 2016 · Find the answers to the questions related to troubleshooting of various machineries onboard like hydrophore system, and they come in Marine Engineering Practice.This is the first article in our series related to the Marine Engineering Practice, in every part we will try to cover 10-11 questions with answers.In places where we think diagram is necessary, we will add that.

What is a Maximum Allowable Working Pressure (MAWP

Corrosionpedia explains Maximum Allowable Working Pressure (MAWP) The boiling temperature of a liquid increases with pressure and decreases when pressure decreases. A crack in a boiler would lead to the pressure dropping to the atmospheric one. This would cause water to boil at 212°F (100°C), which can cause superheating (heating water past its boiling point), which can in turn lead to an explosion.

procedure of accumulation pressure test Archives - Marine

Oct 12, 2015 · Increase cut off pressure of boiler. Bypass high pressure cut off of the boiler. Arrange the boiler fire rate to a maximum. Safety valve will be lift during the test. The test is carried out as long as the water permits in the boiler. Accumulation pressure should not exceed 10% of working pressure in the specified time. Specified time is 15 mins for a smoke tube boiler and 7 mins for water tube boiler.